Civil society support in Ethiopia

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With most Ethiopians living in remote, rural areas, civil society organisations (CSOs) play a vital role mobilising communities to access health services. These images show the challenges facing CSOs in Bambasi Woreda in the north-western region.

12 October 2010

Ethiopia CSO 1 Day-to-day
Nilgun Aydogan/GAVI/2010

Women and children carry water in Beshangul-Gumuz region. One of the world’s poorest countries, Ethiopia ranks 157th out of 169 on the UN’s 2010 human development index.

Ethiopia CSO 2 Access to health
Nilgun Aydogan/GAVI/2010

An Ethiopian girl poses for the camera in Beshangul-Gumuz. Some 85 percent of Ethiopia’s 81 million population live in rural areas with limited access to health services.

Ethiopia CSO 5 Progress
Nilgun Aydogan/GAVI/2010

A chart at Bambasi Woreda health centre is a permanent reminder of the region’s most common childhood diseases.

Ethiopia CSO 4 Partnership
Nilgun Aydogan/GAVI/2010

Habtamu Mazingia, a health officer discusses immunisation records with the International Federation of the Red Cross (IFRC) at Menge village health post. The IFRC has extensive contacts with field workers throughout Ethiopia.

Ethiopia CSO 7 Health workers
Nilgun Aydogan/GAVI/2010

Health extension workers like Zebura Ali (left) and Daragew Somirew (right) serve a population of about 1,300. Vaccinations are organised on the 28th day of each month.

Ethiopia CSO 8 Changing attitudes
Nilgun Aydogan/GAVI/2010

Since their village has no refrigerator, one of these community health volunteers must walk 12 kilometres to collect the vaccine for vaccination day; the other reminds villagers about the need to bring their children.

Ethiopia CSO 9 Preventable diseases
Nilgun Aydogan/GAVI/2010

Keeping accurate, detailed immunisation records helps the Kebele health centre keep track of how many children have received their full set of immunisations.

Ethiopia CSO 3 Cold-chain challenge
Nilgun Aydogan/GAVI/2010

A kerosene-powered fridge stores vaccines at the correct temperature in Menge village health post. GAVI support funds staff training on the maintenance of fridges, inventories, and cold-chains.

Ethiopia CSO 10 Increasing use of health services
Nilgun Aydogan/GAVI/2010

Access and utilisation of health services is increasing in Ethiopia but much work remains to be done. Receiving about half a dozen visitors each day, this health post is made from mud.

Ethiopia CSO 6 Remote outreach
Nilgun Aydogan/GAVI/2010

Children at the Bambasi Woreda health centre. GAVI works with CSOs like the Christian Relief and Development Agency and the International Rescue Committee to immunise more children in hard-to-reach, semi-nomadic communities.

Ethiopia CSO 12 Increasing access to immunisation
Nilgun Aydogan/GAVI/2010

Dr. Gideon Tefera, emergency health & nutrition programme manager for World Vision Ethiopia, examines operational regions for GAVI-supported CSOs working to reach populations living outside the catchment of government services.

Ethiopia CSO 11 Millennium Development Goals
Nilgun Aydogan/GAVI/2010

Child mortality rates have been falling steadily in Ethiopia from 210 deaths per 1,000 under-fives in 1999 to 109 in 2008, putting Ethiopia on target to achieve MDG 4 by 2015. The equivalent rate in the United States was 7.8 ( World Bank data).

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