Introduction of vaccine against pneumococcal disease promises to help significantly reduce child mortality in the Gambia

Banjul, The Gambia, 19 August 2009 - Minister of Health Dr. Mariatou Jallow administered the first dose of the pneumococcal vaccine to Gambian children at a rural clinic outside Banjul today.

Joined by the Gambia Vice President Mrs. Isatou Njie-Saidy, Dr. Jallow and hundreds of Gambian citizens celebrated this historic event, which marks the first step in the rollout of the Gambia's national pneumococcal immunisation programme.

"This is a proud day for the Gambia and a seminal moment for West Africa and all low-income countries around the world," said Dr. Jallow.

"We are committed to saving the lives and improving the health of our children and families, and we are proud to set an example for our West African neighbours to follow. With the introduction of this vaccine, the goal of significantly reducing childhood death in our country will now be within reach."

If all GAVI countries act to introduce pneumococcal vaccine, we could save seven million children by 2030.

Dr. Julian Lob-Levyt, GAVI CEO

Vaccine-preventable killer

Pneumococcal disease is the leading vaccine-preventable killer of children younger than five worldwide and can cause potentially life-threatening illnesses such as pneumonia, meningitis and sepsis.

Pneumonia, the most common form of severe pneumococcal disease, is responsible for 1 in 6 deaths in Gambian children less than five years of age, according to the World Health Organization.

Safe and effective vaccines exist to combat the pneumococcal disease but until recently have not been broadly available to low income countries, despite the fact that more than 95% of pneumococcal cases occur in those nations.

Earlier introduction

Gambia's introduction of the pneumococcal vaccine follows an earlier introduction of the same vaccine in Rwanda four months ago. To help make both introductions possible, Wyeth contributed more than three million doses of Prevenar*, the company's seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, through the GAVI Alliance.

Thanks to the partnership between developing countries, donor governments, the World Health Organization, UNICEF, the World Bank and industry, the GAVI Alliance provides financial support to accelerate the introduction of basic and new vaccines and strengthen health systems in developing countries, including the Gambia.

Important milestone

An important next milestone will be the availability of newer generation vaccines to the rest of the world's low income countries, which is expected to begin as early as 2010.

"The Gambia represents one of the 60 countries in which we hope to rollout the pneumococcal vaccine by 2015. If all GAVI countries act to introduce pneumococcal vaccine, we could save seven million children by 2030," said Dr. Julian Lob-Levyt, CEO of the GAVI Alliance.

"Donor support will be critical to achieving this goal and to continuing progress toward the Millennium Development Goal 4 - a two-thirds reduction in child mortality by 2015."

"Wyeth is committed to protecting current and future generations from pneumococcal disease around the world," said Jim Connolly, Executive Vice President and General Manager, Wyeth Vaccines. "Wyeth takes great pride in providing the GAVI Alliance with more than three million doses of Prevenar to help the Gambia and Rwanda protect its children against this serious health threat."

Innovative financing

To accelerate the introduction of next generation pneumococcal vaccine in poor countries, in June 2009, the governments of Italy, the United Kingdom, Canada, the Russian federation, Norway and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, together with the GAVI Alliance, launched the pilot pneumococcal Advance Market Commitment (AMC).

Donors pledged US $1.5 billion to fund the pilot AMC for pneumococcal vaccine, and the GAVI Alliance committed to raising $1.3 billion for the period 2010-2015 to help fund the vaccine's long-term price. The AMC is expected to help expand access to pneumococcal vaccines to all GAVI-eligible countries and potentially save millions of lives.

"Wyeth welcomes the AMC concept as an innovative financing mechanism to help accelerate the introduction of needed vaccines in the least developed countries. We look forward to working together with GAVI and the international community on the next steps of the AMC process," said Mr. Connolly.

Clinical trials

The nationwide rollout of pneumococcal vaccine in the Gambia follows a large-scale pneumococcal vaccine efficacy trial in the country using a different formulation. The four-year study followed more than 17,000 young Gambian children to see whether a vaccine that had been shown to prevent pneumococcal disease in urban South Africa would also work in the challenging environment of rural Africa.

The results, published in The Lancet in March 2006, showed that the vaccine reduced childhood mortality by 16 percent in Gambian children - a huge impact for a single intervention and the first statistically significant reduction in overall child mortality to be demonstrated by a major randomized, controlled vaccine clinical trial in nearly twenty years.


"It is particularly rewarding to see Gambian children now benefiting from these scientific advances and from the opportunities for access provided by the GAVI Alliance", said Dr. Orin Levine, Executive Director of the PneumoADIP at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

"No other country has contributed as much to our understanding of the burden of pneumococcal disease and the value of pneumococcal vaccines as the Gambia."

About Pneumococcal Disease:Streptococcus pneumoniae, also known as pneumococcus, is a bacterium frequently found in the upper respiratory tract of healthy children and adults. The bacterium, however, cause a range of infections - from relatively mild ear infections to fatal pneumonia, meningitis and sepsis. Serious pneumococcal infections are most common in young children (especially those < 2 years old), the elderly and immune compromised individuals such as those who are undernourished or HIV positive.

The pneumococcus is the main cause of pneumonia, which kills more children than any other disease. Pneumonia causes nearly 1 in 5 deaths of children under five worldwide and kills more children than AIDS, malaria and measles combined. For those children in developing countries who contract and survive pneumococcal meningitis, one in four are left with serious disabilities, including neurological damage, kidney disease, deafness, limb amputations, and developmental delays.

About the GAVI Alliance: the GAVI Alliance (formerly the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation) is a public-private partnership of major stakeholders in immunisation and health system support. It includes developing country and donor governments, the World Health Organization, UNICEF, the World Bank, the vaccine industry in both industrialised and developing countries, research and technical agencies, civil society, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and individuals. WHO projections show that GAVI support has prevented more than 3.4 million future deaths by the end of 2008.

About PneumoADIP: PneumoADIP is a small, dedicated team based at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health - the world's largest school of public health - and is supported by a grant from the GAVI Alliance. PneumoADIP's mission is to improve child survival and health by accelerating the evaluation of and access to new, lifesaving pneumococcal vaccines for the world's children. PneumoADIP coordinates its activities through a strategic alliance with the World Health Organisation and aims to achieve its goals through partnerships with countries, donors, academia, international organisations, and industry. Visit 

About Wyeth: Wyeth is one of the world's largest research-driven pharmaceutical and health care products companies. It is a leader in the discovery, development, manufacturing and marketing of pharmaceuticals, vaccines, biotechnology products, nutritionals and non-prescription medicines that improve the quality of life for people worldwide. The Company's major divisions include Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, Wyeth Consumer Healthcare and Fort Dodge Animal Health.

Prevenar*: Prevenar™ (Pneumococcal 7-valent Conjugate Vaccine) is approved by the World Health Organization for active immunisation of infants and children from 6 weeks through 9 years of age against invasive disease, pneumonia, and otitis media caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes 4, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F and 23F.

Prevenar may be given at the same time as DTP, hepatitis B, measles, mumps, rubella, polio (OPV or IPV) and varicella. The use of Prevenar should be based on official recommendations taking into consideration the impact of invasive disease in different age groups as well as variability of serotype epidemiology in different geographic areas.

Important Safety Information for Prevenar: in clinical trials, the most frequently reported adverse events included injection site reactions, fever (≥38°C/100.4°F), irritability, drowsiness, restless sleep, decreased appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and rash. Risks are associated with all vaccines, including Prevenar. Hypersensitivity to any vaccine component, including diphtheria toxoid, is a contraindication to its use. Prevenar does not provide 100% protection against vaccine serotypes or protect against non-vaccine serotypes.

* Trademark 

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