Sudan recently became the first GAVI-eligible country in Africa to introduce vaccines against rotavirus infections

Sudan rota rollout - mother and child 18082011

Two month-old Mohammed Ali has just had his first rotavirus vaccine dose. His mother is delighted he will be protected against the leading cause of severe infant diarrhoea.

Text and photos: Doune Porter 

Dr. Walyeldin Elfakey looks around the crowded and chaotic diarrhoea ward at the Omdurman Paediatric Hospital in Khartoum, the capital of Sudan. It is filled with sick and fragile-looking children, almost all of them under the age of three, with their worried mothers.


Some of the beds accommodate two or even three patients, so crowded is the ward.

Many of the children are attached to intravenous drips that replace the essential fluids they have lost as a result of severe diarrhoea.

But Senior Paediatrician Dr. Elfakey is happy.

Although diarrhoea is one of the most serious child health problems in Sudan, he is looking forward to a time very soon when this ward will be far less crowded.

First GAVI-eligible country

In July, Sudan became the first GAVI-eligible country in Africa to introduce a new vaccine to protect children from rotavirus, the leading cause of severe infant diarrhoea.

“The introduction of the vaccine will reduce the suffering and deaths of our children,” says Dr. Elfakey.

He looks around the ward, “All of these children were admitted within the last 24 hours. Some children died before they made it here.  Some have developed malnutrition. Some are receiving IV fluids and oral rehydration. The introduction of rotavirus vaccine will reduce all this suffering.”

In-country preparation

The Ministry of Health in Sudan had been preparing for the introduction of rotavirus vaccines for two years.

This has involved increasing the capacity of the cold chain for vaccine storage, training health workers in how to prepare and administer the vaccines, modifying vaccination cards and registers, and informing parents when and why they should bring their babies for the vaccine.

Mobile vaccination teams

They have done a good job. The introduction of the vaccine went smoothly and parents are excited about bringing their babies to receive it.

From the vaccination clinics at the largest urban hospitals to nomadic settlements in the desert reached by mobile vaccination teams, parents are eager to have their babies protected against one of the leading causes of child death in the country.

Critical vaccine

At the Samir Health Centre in Khartoum, Nagla Salih Aziz cuddles her 2 month-old baby boy, Mohammed Ali, who has just been vaccinated against rotavirus.

Nagla almost lost her first child to diarrhoea; he was saved only after intravenous rehydration in hospital. 

“I feel a great sense of security that my new baby has had this rotavirus vaccine,” she says.

“I know he could still get diarrhoea, but I know the risk of severe diarrhoea and dehydration is much lower now.”

Tired but pleased

Vaccination technician Hayad Adam Mohammed has been busy all afternoon giving babies the new rotavirus vaccine at the Sharwani health center in Khartoum.

She is tired, but obviously pleased with the work she is doing.

“The feeling is indescribable,” she says, “we are so happy about this vaccine. I only wish it could have been introduced a long time ago because we have lost so many children, including in my own family, to acute diarrhoea.”

Over 500,000 children under five die every year from rotavirus infections, with half of those deaths occuring in Africa.

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