Japan plays a prominent role in advancing the global health agenda since the G8 Summit in 2000 where infectious diseases control was extensively discussed and led to a decision to create The Global Fund. Japan is taking a leading role in promoting universal health coverage as the overarching approach for attaining SDG3. Japan made its first commitment to Gavi at the 2011 pledging conference, committing USD 9.3 million in direct contributions for 2011 and maintained a similar level of annual contribution up until 2014. In 2015, Japan doubled its contribution in support of health system recovery in the aftermath of the 2014 Ebola outbreaks.
In May 2016 at the G7 leaders’ Summit under its presidency, Japan for the first time announced a multi-year pledge to Gavi In 2019, Japan hosted the launch of Gavi’s third replenishment as part of TICAD 7 in Yokohama. At the Global Vaccine Summit in June 2020, Japan announced to commit USD 300 million to Gavi for 2021-2025, followed by the pledge of US$ 200 million to the Gavi COVAX AMC. In June 2021, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga co-chaired the COVAX AMC Summit where he announced an additional 800 million USD to the COVAX AMC and up to 30 million dose donation.
Proceeds are funds made available to Gavi from donor contributions and commitments, either through cash payments made to Gavi, through frontloading via the capital markets of a future donor commitment to IFFIm, or through AMC funds released to Gavi via the World Bank. IFFIm proceeds are allocated over five-year periods coinciding with Gavi’s strategic periods. Proceeds for the current and future strategic periods are indicative until the end of each period and could be revised following changes in market conditions (interest rates or foreign exchange rates), the signing of new pledge(s) and/or changes in IFFIm’s disbursement profile.
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Direct Contributions (including Matching Fund)
Received contributions: non-US$ contributions for 2000-2020 and Q1-Q2 2021 are expressed in US$ equivalents using the exchange rates on the dates of receipt. For 2014-2020 and Q1-Q2 2021 where contributions were hedged to mitigate currency risk exposure, these have been expressed using the rates applicable to the hedge agreement.
Future contributions (for pledges made prior to the June 2020 donor pledging conference): non-US$ Direct Contribution and Matching Fund pledges for Q3-Q4 2021 and years 2022 and beyond are expressed in US$ equivalents using the applicable forecast rates from Bloomberg as at 30 June 2021 or using the rates applicable to any hedge agreement in place.
Future contributions (for pledges at the June 2020 donor pledging conference): non-US$ Direct Contribution and Matching Fund pledges for Q3-Q4 2021 and for years 2022 and beyond are expressed in US$ equivalents using the spot rates from Bloomberg as at 30 June 2021 or using the rates applicable to any hedge agreement in place.
Received contributions: non-US$ contributions for 2000-2020 and for Q1-Q2 2021 are expressed in US$ equivalents as confirmed by the IBRD (World Bank)
'Future contributions: non-US$ contributions for Q3-Q4 2021 and for years 2021 and beyond are expressed in US$ equivalents as follows:
For signed contribution agreements: contributions are expressed in US$ equivalents using the exchange rates at the time of signing the respective donor grant agreements.
For contribution agreements not yet signed: contributions are expressed in US$ equivalents using the applicable spot rates from Bloomberg as at 30 June 2021
Due to IFFIm’s nature as a frontloading vehicle, yearly contributions paid into IFFIm can differ significantly from yearly proceeds transferred to Gavi.
'While IFFIm grants are irrevocable and legally binding, they are subject to a Grant Payment Condition that can potentially reduce the amount due by the donor in the event that a Gavi-supported programme country is in protracted arrears with the International Monetary Fund. As of 29 June 2021, there is no longer any reduction applied, as all countries from the reference portfolio have cleared their arrears with the IMF.